• Include more than 50 species within 12 families       
  • Live in wet saline habitats       
  • Reproduce through viviparity     
  • Refer to an entire plant community which includes mangrove species

What is a Mangrove?

The term "mangrove" refers to certain species of plant life or to the entire plant community which
includes individual mangrove species

There are more than 50 species of mangroves distributed worldwide along tropical coastlines

The term "mangrove" does not refer to a specific taxonomic group of species, but to all halophytic
(plants growing in saline soils) species of tropical trees and shrubs. This catchall, diverse group
includes 12 families and more than 50 species. Although unrelated, all are adapted to life in wet
soils, saline habitats, and periodic tidal submergence.

Another use of the term "mangrove" includes the entire plant community including the individual
mangrove species. Terms such as tidal forest, tidal swamp forest, mangrove community, mangrove
forest, mangal, and mangrove swamp are synonymous with "mangrove".
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary