Upper Keys Dive Pictures
Molasses Reef
Photos by Gail Culver

No reproduction allowed without permission.
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Molasses Reef is one of the most popular dive and snorkel sites
in the Key Largo Marine Sanctuary - and with good reason.  This
beautiful reef usually has very good visibility and the marine life is
mostly undisturbed and abundant.  The reef is marked by a 45 foot
tall steel light tower and has 33 mooring buoys marked M1-M33.  All
except for 21-23 are shallow dives and snorkeling areas.  21-23 are a
bit deeper for diving only.   This site was named after a barge carrying
a load of molasses barrels grounded here many years ago.
This reef is a well-defined spur and groove system that stretches out
from very shallow waters to about 40 feet.  The buoys closest to the
tower are the very shallow dive sites and snorkel sites.  Hard as well
as soft corals rise up from the sandy bottom.  A large variety of rope
sponges and vase sponges cover the substrate in the shallow area
and helps to give the reef its incredible colors.
Then as the buoys extend outward, the reef gradually becomes
deeper.  Large barrel sponges and tube sponges can be found at
around 30 feet deep.   
The South end of the reef is known as "The Aquarium".  Some of the
largest schools of fish in the Florida Keys can be found in this area.  
Horse-eyed jacks, permit jacks, bar jacks, yellow goatfish,
small-mouth grunts, sergeant majors, angelfish, parrot fish, blue
tangs, barracuda, grouper, and very large tarpon are often seen in the
area.  But don't get me wrong, these fish are all over Molasses reef!
You'll probably see a few nurse sharks, moray eels, lobsters, turtles,
crabs, sting rays and even spotted eagle rays and manta rays on this
reef, too.  An eight-foot Spanish anchor lies in the shallow waters
near M3.  No one knows the history of this anchor.
"The Winch Hole" is near M8.  It is said that this winch belonged to the
Slobodana, a 176 foot wooden schooner that ran aground on
Molasses Reef in 1887.  It now lies scattered on the ocean floor.  
Southwest of M8 there is a coral ledge with a hole large enough to
swim through.  This is called "The Hole in the Wall".
At the M11 and M12 buoys is the area where one of the worst
groundings at Molasses Reef happened when the M/V Wellwood that
ran high aground on this reef. The 400-foot (122 meters) freighter
completely pulverized several very large star coral formations.